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Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to "document" reality. Images organization and structure, sounds (text and interviews) as much as the author point of view determines the type of documentary.
Although "documentary film" originally referred to movies shot on film stock, it has subsequently expanded to include video and digital productions that can be either direct-to-video or made for a television series.
The chronological sequence of material, narrator figure treatment, the nature of the materials, completely real, recreations, infographic images, etc. lead to a wide variety of formats, ranging from pure documentary to creative documentaries, reaching docudrama (format in which the characters are played by themselves), reaching to fake documentary also known as a 'mockumentary'.
Often, fictional television programs adopt a structure and narrative mode very close to the documentary, and in turn, some documentary reproduce resources proper of works of fiction's creation. Documentary, as it applies here, works to identify a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, and mode of audience reception" that is continually evolving and is without clear boundaries.
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